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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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for losses on the East she ought to receive territoiies on the West);
(i) the main centres of cultural life and raw materials on the East should
be left her, namely^ Wilno, Lwow and the oilfields; (c) the transfer of
population between new Poland and Russia should be voluntary and
(d) the final settlement of the Polish-Soviet frontier would be made by
the Polish Parliament.
Tacitly the Memorandum was agreeing to the change in frontiers.
Furthermore., it was also falling in with Stalin's wish that the Polish in-
stitution of a C.-in-C. should be abolished.) although this was masked by
the paragraph that the " conduct of the war and administration of the
armed forces will be transferred to the War Cabinet formed by the
Government." Added to this was the point that all Polish forces will be
united—in other words, the troops fighting alongside the British would
probably be transferred to the Soviet sphere of influence. The Memo-
randum concluded with the statement that elections should be held at the
earliest moment and that an adjustment in the Polish Constitution would
permit of the execution of all these changes. As to the Government, it
was anticipated that, until the elections, a single National Council, con-
sisting of the four main parties and the Communists, should administer
authority.
The document did not meet with the unanimous support of the Polish
Cabinet—the Polish Socialist Party submitted its own plan, in which it
proposed that the settlement of the frontiers, <c must be left to the peace
conference," and that " the activities of the Soviet troops on Polish
territory will cease simultaneously with those of the Anglo-Americans in
France," and that" the U.S.S.R will release the deported Polish citizens."
Furthermore, that the Communists should be admitted into the Govern-
ment only if they " recognised the basic rules of the Polish policy as ex-
pressed in the Declaration of the ' Council of National Unity * of March
15, I944-" .
The Council of National Unity, the highest body of authority in Poland/"
in Proclamation to the Polish people, on July 26 and August 15,1944, once
more repeated the essential thesis of its political programme of March 15 :
The basis of Poland's system, as a democratic Republic, will be :—
* Kowalski, S.3 Poland and Russia. After the crossing of the Polish Border
by Soviet troops. London, 1944 :—
". . . the Polish community in the Home Country has shown a truly remarkable
talent for organisation which is all the more noteworthy if we consider that the
existing conditions offer very little chance for such activities. For the past
four years the Poles have not only suffered, giving their blood and life in thousands,
but they have been organising too. At present Poland is organised and united
to such a degree, as never perhaps before in its history. This organisation is
considerable, and its qualities even surpass all those of the Polish executive
authorities forced to work in exile. The Polish Government,* which, in the years
1939,1940 and 1941, carried out jointly all state, legislative and executive functions,
has now reverted to the normal activities of a government in a democratic state,,
limiting itself to the functions of an executive body, while vital decisions on all
important problems are now taken by the people of Poland itself."
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